Camera Lucida by Chambre Claire Universelle

French Camera Lucida made by Chambre Claire Universelle. Three draw, nickel plated c1920s with full set of 12 rectangular lenses. Complete in fitted case. Invented by William Hyde Wollaston (1766-1828), a chemist, metallurgist and physiologist who discovered a way to work platinum ore among other things. The camera lucida was patented on the 4th December 1806, patent no. 2993 and was granted to Wollaston for `An instrument whereby any person may draw in perspective, or may copy or reproduce any print or drawing`. It contained the Wollaston prism, a 4 sided optic first described by Johannes Kepler, a German mathematician, astrologer and astronomer. In 1807, Wollaston published articles in the Philosophical Magazine and The Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry and the Arts entitled `Description of the Camera Lucida`, thus introducing the name `camera lucida`. Various artists, including Captain Basil Hall RN (1788-1844), William Gell (1777-1836) and John Sell Cotman (1782-1842) used a camera lucida, as did Sir John Herschel, scientist, astronomer and friend of W.H.Fox Talbot, who also used the aid for his attempts at drawing.

Price: 
£275.00
Item number: 
18-83
Camera Condition: 
  • Camera Lucida by Chambre Claire Universelle
  • Camera Lucida by Chambre Claire Universelle
  • Camera Lucida by Chambre Claire Universelle